Published On By Rachel Nall

Dihydrotestosterone-DHT side effects on hair loss

Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is a crucial hormone in male development and health. It is essential in developing and maintaining male sexual characteristics.

DHT is essential for the development of the male genitals and for maintaining their proper function. It also affects the growth of hair and has a significant impact on prostate function and libido levels.

This article talks about DHT, its effects and role in the body. The detailed information about how DHT levels elevates, what reasons leads to elevated DHT and why it is important to measure DHT levels.

What is DHT?

DHT, also known as Dihydrotestosterone, is the biologically active form of testosterone. It helps develop and maintain male characteristics, such as body hair growth, deepening of the voice, and muscle growth.

DHT is a androgen hormone. It is high in affinity for androgen receptors in the body.

DHT activates specific genes that regulate the growth of various proteins involved in growth and development. This activation leads to development and maintenance of secondary sexual characteristics in males.

Excessive levels of DHT can have adverse effects. An overproduction of DHT can lead to conditions such as baldness and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men.

How Does DHT Affect?

DHT shows its effects by binding to androgen receptors in various tissues, including the prostate, hair follicles, and skin. It increases the growth of prostate cells, resulting in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in the development.

DHT can lead to male baldness (androgenetic alopecia). It shortens the growth phase of hair follicles, leading to miniaturization and eventual hair loss.

DHT is essential for developing male secondary sexual characteristics. DHT's increased levels can lead to conditions like prostate cancer. Its effects on the male body are complex.

What Role Does DHT Play In The Human Body?

DHT is a crucial hormone that plays a significant role in developing and maintaining male characteristics.

DHT is responsible for developing the external genitalia in male fetuses. It helps form the penis and scrotum, which are vital to sexual differentiation. DHT is a major contributor to men's facial and body hair growth. It stimulates the growth of hair follicles on the face, chest, back, and other body areas.

DHT plays a crucial role in the proper functioning of the prostate gland. It helps regulate the size and part of the prostate, essential for reproductive health.

How Does Dihydrotestosterone Work?

The enzyme 5-alpha reductase forms Dihydrotestosterone and occurs in specific target cells within the body.

It has a multifaceted effect, including its importance in the embryo. It's responsible for the development process of boys during puberty.

It impacts the development of the prostate and its responsibility for the development and function of the male genital organs.

To better understand the effects of DHT, let us examine a table that highlights its various functions in the body:

Functions of DHT
Important for the embryo
Responsible for the development process of boys during puberty
Controls male body hair, beard growth, and sebaceous gland function
Affects the development of the prostate
Helps control the action of hormones
Responsible for the development and function of the male genital organs

DHT is involved in such critical processes; elevated and reduced levels of this hormone can pose health risks. Maintaining a balance in DHT levels is crucial to ensure optimal body functioning.

Understanding how DHT works is essential for individuals seeking to maintain their health.

Also See: Low Testosterone: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments [Warning Update]

Why Are Dihydrotestosterone Levels Elevated?

Elevated levels of Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) can occur due to various factors, including steroid consumption and testicular tumours.

Factors like hyperprolactinemia, adrenal tumors, and adrenal hyperplasia can increase DHT production, resulting in higher levels of this hormone in the body.

DHT plays a role in sebum production, which clogs pores and contributes to acne development. Higher levels of DHT can result in excessive sebum production, leading to persistent acne breakouts and skin problems.

DHT is a potent stimulator of prostate growth. Elevated levels of DHT can lead to prostate gland enlargement called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Effects of Elevated Dihydrotestosterone

The consequences of increased dihydrotestosterone (DHT) levels can have significant implications for various aspects of health and well-being.

DHT elevated levels are primarily associated with hair loss and baldness in men, and it can also have other effects on the body. A rise in DHT level can lead to high sexual desire or male genital dysfunction.

It is important to note that the effects of elevated DHT can vary from individual to individual. Every man with high levels of this hormone will not experience the same symptoms. DHT plays a role in various physiological processes, especially during the puberty period of men.

Results In Elevated Dihydrotestosterone Levels

One factor contributing to increased dihydrotestosterone (DHT) levels is the disturbance of the enzyme responsible for converting testosterone to DHT.

An enzyme imbalance can cause testosterone levels to remain in the upper normal range while dihydrotestosterone levels are deficient. This imbalance may have significant effects on the body and overall health.

With a lack of visible male genitalia, boys with pseudohermaphroditism are often raised as girls. In puberty, boys may experience the development of male secondary sexual characteristics.

Dealing with the physical and hormonal changes associated with elevated DHT levels can significantly impact individuals psychologically and emotionally. It includes coping with gender identity issues, societal expectations, and potential feelings of confusion or isolation.

Why Are DHT Levels In The Blood Tested?

Blood tests measure DHT levels in the bloodstream to assess hormonal balance and detect potential health issues.

Testing the levels of DHT in the blood could provide valuable information about a person's hormonal status. Elevated levels of DHT may indicate underlying health conditions.

Healthcare professionals can identify potential health issues related to hormone imbalance by measuring DHT levels.

It is essential to monitor levels of DHT that can adversely affect the body. Therefore, maintaining optimal DHT levels is necessary for overall health and well-being.

Treatment Of Elevated DHT Levels

Treatment of elevated DHT levels often involves the administration of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors or the use of rubs and oils containing anti-DHT substances.

These treatment options aim to reduce the levels of Dihydrotestosterone in the body and inhibit the activity of the enzyme 5-alpha reductase.

5-alpha reductase inhibitors can block the enzyme responsible for converting testosterone into DHT.

Rubs and oils that contain anti-DHT substances can help reduce DHT levels in the hair follicles.

These substances, including green tea or biotin, have potential anti-DHT effects.

Consultation with a trichologist may help with hair loss or oily hair—trained specialists help diagnose and treat hair and scalp conditions with personalized recommendations.

Seek essential treatment for elevated DHT levels under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Your healthcare provider can provide the necessary information and guidance to ensure your safety throughout treatment.

Dihydrotestosterone and Androgenetic Alopecia

Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) plays a crucial role in developing androgenetic alopecia, which primarily affects men and is characterized by the destruction of hair follicles.

Understanding the role of DHT in androgenetic alopecia has paved the way for developing treatment options. Two commonly used medications, finasteride and minoxidil, target DHT to help manage the condition.

It is important to note that treatment with these medications should always be under the supervision of a specialist. It may be necessary to assess the effectiveness of the treatment and manage any potential side effects.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Can Elevated DHT Levels in Males Lead to Infertility?
    Elevated DHT levels in males adversely affect fertility, but this is unclear. However, further research is needed to understand the relationship between DHT and infertility.
  2. Is There a Correlation Between DHT Levels and Prostate Cancer?Yes. DHT levels are lower in prostate cancer patients. 
  3. Can DHT Levels in Females Have Any Adverse Effects?High Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) levels in females may cause irregular menstruation cycles, hair loss, and acne. 
  4. Are There Any Natural Remedies to Lower DHT Levels?Consumption of Lycopene-rich foods can help to lower DHT levels. Foods rich in omega-3, antioxidants, and herbal elements like saw palmetto and pumpkin seed oil may also help. 
  5. Does Excessive Exercise or Weightlifting Contribute to Elevated DHT Levels?Excessive exercise or weightlifting does contribute to elevated DHT levels. However, intense physical activity can indirectly affect hormone levels by increasing testosterone production, converting it into DHT.


Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is vital for males, influencing various physiological processes such as sexual development, hair growth, and prostate health.

Elevated DHT levels can lead to androgenetic alopecia and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Testing DHT levels in the blood can help diagnose and monitor these conditions.

Treatment options for elevated DHT levels may include medications that inhibit the production or action of DHT.

It is essential to consult with the doctor for accurate diagnosis and appropriate management of DHT-related conditions.

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